Sikkim - At a glance


Sikkim - At a glance
Area :  7,096 km2
Population :  6.08 Lakh (census 2011)
Language(s):  Nepali, Bhutia, Lepcha, Limboo, Magar, Rai, Hindi and English
Literacy Rate:  82.2% (2011 census)
International Border :  Tibet Autonomous Region of China to the north and northeast, Bhutan to the southeast, the Indian state of West Bengal to the south, Nepal to the west.
Capital :  Gangtok
Nearest Airport :  Bagdogra
GDP :  16,637 (2014-15; Rupees in Crorers)

Economy: Primarily tourism, agriculture, horticulture, forest, mining, industries, power, liquor Industry, aqua culture, livestock
Important Industries: Tourism, agriculture, floriculture, agro-processing, hydroelectric power, tea, large cardamom, minerals, electronics and pharmaceuticals
Important Resources: Agriculture crops, fodder and forests. Natural flora and fauna, medicinal plants/herbs/and important shrubs, water resources, livestock resources, hydro-electric potential, tourism, agricultural, horticulture etc.. Minerals like copper, iron, lime, dolomite/limestone, coal, quartzite and talc, silicate & graphite, garnet, mica. Large cardamoms

  • Sikkim is the least populated state and the smallest after Goa. It also enjoys "special" category status with other northeastern states which gives it financial benefits.
  • The state follows the North East Industrial Investment Promotion Policy, 2007, which provides incentives for investment in the state. As a result, the region's states get a higher share in resource allocation and excise duty concessions for industry. They also get 90 per cent of plan assistance as a grant and 10 per cent as loan, as against the 30:70 ratio for other states.
  • Sikkim has political stability and has adopted sustainable and eco-friendly policies. An able leadership helped implement the policies effectively.
  • The state is endowed with natural resources
Export prospects of Sikkim:

Large cardamom, orchids, temi tea, ginger, mandarin orange, medicinal plants, honey and handicrafts

Other potential industrial drivers:

Hydro-electric potential

Agro-horticultural products:
  • Tuber Crops: Potato,Sweet Potata
  • Spices: Large Cardamom, Ginger, Chilli, Turmeric, Coriander
  • Fruits: Mandarin, Passion fruit, Banana, Guava, Papaya, Jack fruit, Litchi
  • Vegetables: Brocoli, Onion, Brinjal, Carrot, Iskus, Pumpkin, Radish, Tomato, Tree Tomato, Cabbage, Cauliflower
  • Ornamental Plants: Anthurium, Cymbidium, Rose